March 23, 2010
Statement by H.E. Dr. Desra Percaya, Deputy Permanent Representative of Indonesia at the 13th session of the HRC, Item 8: General debate – The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
My delegation would like to associate itself with the statements made by Pakistan on behalf of the OIC, and Viet Nam on behalf of ASEAN.
Indonesia’s commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights is reflected by the mainstreaming of human rights in our policies. Indonesia’s National Action Plan on human rights has proved to be an effective foundation upon which to build and continuously improve our existing systems.
As mandated by the VDPA, our National Action Plan comprises six key objectives or “pillars” namely; Indonesia’s accession to core human rights conventions; the establishment and empowerment of human rights machinery at the provincial, city and regency level; wider human rights education; harmonization of legislations; the application of human rights norms and standards, and more effective monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
Last year, the second phase of the Plan was concluded with considerable success and notable achievements. Yet, we are fully aware that human rights challenges remain in Indonesia and our efforts must continue.
After two consecutive five-year periods, awareness about the mainstreaming of human rights into decision-making and policy implementation has increased significantly among our state institutions.
Human rights issues have been incorporated into the training curricula for the police, military and civil servants. Human rights awareness has also become an integral part of Indonesia’s national education curriculum for students.
In addition, further notable progress on the issue is reflected by the establishment of 457 National Human Rights Implementing Committees at the national, provincial and local levels. These committees are tasked with implementing the six pillars of the National Action Plan and thus contributing to the development of a “human rights culture” throughout the country.
With regard to human rights and national legislation, Indonesia has over the past years enacted a number of laws covering issues such as protection for women and children, migrant workers, more effective witness protection, anti-discrimination and human trafficking.
While we are pleased with the progress made so far, we are also aware that the vast geographical size, large population and uneven levels of education still present many challenges and obstacles in advancing human rights awareness in Indonesia.
Inadequate implementation of laws and unequal levels of capability between the implementing committees are just some of the challenges we face in meeting the targets outlined in the National Action Plan.
As we now move into the third phase of the Plan, our priority will therefore be to address the delayed implementation of the previous Plans and improve existing mechanisms. We also intend to strengthen the capacity of the Implementing Committees nationwide.
In conclusion Mr President, Indonesia would like to reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (VDPA) our continued efforts to mainstream and improve our existing human rights mechanisms.
Geneva, 23 March 2010