June 3, 2010
Statement by the Indonesian Delegation at the 14th session of the Human Rights Council, Item 3: Report of the Independent Expert on extreme poverty and Special Rapporteur on violence against women
On behalf of my delegation I would like to thank the Special Rapporteurs and the Independent Expert for the presentation of their respective reports.
My delegation aligns itself to the statement made by Pakistan on behalf of the OIC.
On the informative report by the Independent Expert on human rights and extreme poverty, Indonesia commends her efforts in bringing much needed attention to the issue of extreme poverty and its connection to the protection and wellbeing of older persons.
The Indonesian Constitution guarantees the state protection of poor people and poverty eradication. In terms of social security assistance, Indonesia has adopted a comprehensive approach to developing social welfare protection systems, including through the Law No 40 on national social security provisions. We have also introduced a minimum social services standard which provides protection for all vulnerable population targets. These include “Rice for the Poor”, “Direct Cash Assistance” and the recent “Community Empowerment Programme”.
As noted in the report, the proportion of older persons in the South East Asia region will have increased to 10 per cent by 2025 and by 19 per cent by 2050. With a population of over 220 million, Indonesia is facing up to the realities of providing for an ageing population.
In this regard, Commissions on the Elderly at the national and regional levels have been established to give proper attention to the Indonesian elderly. As advisory bodies, the Commissions have a mandate to gather relevant information in order to address the elderly’s specific concern, challenges, needs and expectation for further policy-making process by the Government.
I would finally like to comment on the thematic report submitted to the Human Rights Council by Ms. Rashida Manjoo, Special Rapporteur on violence against women.
Indonesia echoes the findings of the report which state that female victims of violence should, where possible, be provided with access to the mechanisms of justice, rehabilitation and appropriate compensation.
Following the adoption of relevant laws and regulations, particularly the Law on the Eliminatation of Domestic Violence, Indonesia has put in place a Minimum Service Standard for the handling of gender-based violence and violence towards children. In 2009, taking into account Indonesia’s vast geographical size and number of population, 305 Woman and Child Service Units (UPPA) were established at district police stations throughout Indonesia.
Plans are also underway to set up 11 Trauma Centers and Safe Houses (RPTC) and 10 Shelters for Children (RPSA) in 2010. These are positive developments, but we recognize much more needs to done to stamp out the root causes of violence against women and children in our societies.
Although numbers of cases reported have been increased significantly, cultural and tradition background remain a stumbling block which discourages women and children in reporting and bringing forward their cases of domestic violence. In this regard, my delegation wishes to ask the Special Rapporteur on how best to address this challenge.
Geneva, 3 June 2010