March 8, 2012
INTERVENTION BY THE INDONESIAN DELEGATION ON ANNUAL FULL-DAY MEETING ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
My delegation thanks the panelists for their insightful observations.
Indonesia is progressing in its efforts to adopt the principle of restorative justice in addressing the issue of children and the administration of justice.
Article 66 (2) of Law No. 39 of 1999 on Human Rights prevents children from capital punishment or life sentence.
In 2010, the Constitutional Court also decided to amend the minimum age of a child allowed to be convicted from 8 years to 12 years old. Meanwhile, the Government is in the process of revising Law on Juvenile Court.
At policy level, the Government adopted the National Strategy on Acess to Justice, which includes, among others, acess to justice for children. This commitment was actualized through the enactment of the 2009 Joint Decree of Chief of Supreme Court, Attorney General, Chief of Indonesian Police, Minister for Social Affairs, Minister for Law and Human Rights Affairs, and Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection on Children in conflict with law.
Several child-friendly justice measures have been introduced. These include special courtrooms for children in a number of provinces; women and child protection unit and special police investigation room for children in various provinces; and also a mechanism to involve public researchers in facilitating children in court process.
Efforts toward restorative justice are indeed lenghty process.
The administration of justice including the condition of correctional and detention centers is subject to continuous improvement in Indonesia. Particular attention has been given to children in conflict with the law.
While child-friendly correctional and detention facilities are being developed, measures on physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of children in conflict with the law are also being strengthened. These have been carried out in a coordinated manner, involving relevant stakeholders such as social workers, chaplains, psychiatrists, psychologists, and educators.
Indonesia is fully aware of the strategic role of development and education in advancing the rights of each Indonesian population.
Indonesia allocates 20% of the total national and regional budget for education and applies a nine-year compulsory basic education program for children. Furthermore, through various programs, such as Family Hope Program, School Operational Assistance and Scholarships for Poor Children, Indonesia strive to ensure access to education and the enjoyment of the rights of the child for all its childrens.
Before I end, my delegation would like to seek the panelists view on how to expedite measures to paradigm shift of law enforcement officials and among the community at large in dealing with children in conflict with the law? And also how to strike a balance between the lack of resources in the administration of justice and the importance of providing child-friendly correctional facilities.
I thank you.
GENEVA, 8 MARCH 2012