September 17, 2012
INTERVENTION BY THE INDONESIAN DELEGATION ON CLUSTERED INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS (ON ACESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER)
INTERVENTION BY THE INDONESIAN DELEGATION
ON CLUSTERED INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
AND THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATED TO ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION
GENEVA, 12 SEPTEMBER 2012
Allow me to thank the Special Rapporteur on the Extreme Poverty and Human Rights and the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Obligations to Access to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation, for their reports.
On the issues of extreme poverty, allow me to first of all align myself with the statement delivered by China and Pakistan on behalf of the OIC Group.
Indonesia would like to congratulate Ms. Magdalena Sepuvelda Carmona, on her undertaking, spanning over a decade, to put together the final draft of guiding principles on extreme poverty and human rights.
The guiding principles clearly shows the link between poverty and human rights. Poverty is just not a problem of inadequate income but also about deprivation of human dignity, of an overwhelming sense of the lack of voice, power and choices. In order to address the multidimensional nature of poverty, a right based approach should be applied.
Such an approach is also applied by my government in addressing extreme poverty. Indonesia exercises a pro-job, pro-poor and pro-growth policy that is reflected in its two grand strategy, comprising of efforts to increase income through productivity improvement and provision of better access and opportunities for poor community to participate in social, economic and cultural activities. As well as efforts to continuously reduce the cost of basic needs, education and health services through several programs.
The Indonesian Government has issued a poverty reduction acceleration regulation to establish a National Team for Poverty Reduction Acceleration and Coordinating Tim for Poverty Eradication at the regent/city level.
The Government has also made several programs to improve food security, lower infant and child mortality, established a nine-year compulsory basic education program for schooling age children, increased to 20 percent the amount of government budget allocated for education expenses, and made plans to improve people’s access to save drinking water.
It is fortunate that despite the economic crisis, our rapid economic growth has enabled such strategies and programs to take shape and to be effectively implemented. It has also provides a good atmosphere for businesses to develop, and further, enables the Government to create employment opportunities for poor people. Additionally, the Indonesian Government always encourages community empowerment, in order to increase the capacity and capability of the people so they are able to attain their economical, social and political rights.
The Indonesian Government concurs with the Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights that poverty is one of the most pressing issues in the current world. An issue that requires not only the strenghtening of commitments, political will as well as efforts at the national level, but also beyond.
Indonesia emphasizes that eradicating extreme poverty is and will always requires strong cooperation among nations. Indonesia hopes, that this attempts will be fully supported by developed countries, and also international financial organization.
On the issue of safe drinking water and sanitation, Indonesia agrees that as part of its human rights commitments it is primarily the responsibility of the State to ensure the promotion of the rights to water and sanitation that upholds gender equality, vulnerable groups and anti-discrimination.
The Government of Indonesia has recognized the right to water as part of Indonesian social welfare and wellbeing, an essential part of human right. The Government issued Law No. 7 of 2004 on Water Resources, which become the basis for the State in implementing its obligation to respect, protect and fulfill the right to access to water.
Government of Indonesia works to ensure the availability and quality of drinking water and sanitation through the strategy of Community Based Total Sanitation during 2010-2014 as well as appropriating Special Allocation Funds to optimize drinking water services in small towns as well as remote, coastal and rural areas and sanitation services densely populated urban areas through the Community- Based Sanitation Approach.
Although there are still challenges, the Government has performed policies and strategies to increase community access to improved sources of drinking water and improved sanitation facilities not only improving the planning system and its implementation but also maintaining its sustainability and accountability.
Indonesia looks forward to continuing its efforts in the global level, to ensure the promotion of the rights to water and sanitation.
In conclusion, my delegation wishes to seek further clarification from the Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, on the similarity of scope of rights linked to extreme poverty as those of the ECOSOC rights. Moreover, we would like to pose a question for the Special Rapporteur on Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation, whether she views stigmatisation as an actual barrier to acess to safe drinking water, or whether the barrier is a side effect of stigmatisation?
Thank you Madam President.