March 5, 2013
Intervention by Indonesian Delegation at Interactive Dialogue with the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances and the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief
My delegation thanks the Working Goup on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances and the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief for the reports.
On enforced or involuntarily disappearances, while noting a thematic section on reparations and enforced disappearances in the Working Group report, my delegation shares the importance of non-repetition to prevent future recurrence of enforced disappearances.
In this regard, various measures have been and are currently carried out by the Indonesian Government with close collaboration with various relevant stakeholders. These include human rights and international humanitarian law education to all sectors of society and training for law enforcement officials as well as military and security forces; promoting mechanisms for preventing and monitoring social conflicts and their resolution; and reviewing and reforming laws contributing to or allowing gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law.
Continued progress in preparing the Bill for the ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances is one of many valid evidences of Indonesia’s commitment on this pertinent issue.
Allow me to ask the Working Group on the very basic of questions of resources in the provision of reparations. How countries with limited resources have to allocate appropriate reparations when the fulfilment of basic needs of their population has already posed immense challenges for them?
Turning to the issue freedom of religion or belief.
As a country with multi-dimensional complexities, Indonesia has a long-standing historical tradition of multi-party dialogues and communication. We fully share the recommendations in the report particularly the importance of States to hold consultations with representatives of religious or belief communities and to encourage, promote and facilitate interreligious communication.
Indonesia’s forum on religious harmony – or Forum Kerukunan Umat Beragama (FKUB) is widely known and respected. Involving the community and religious leaders, and as well as local government officials in every district/municipality, the Forum provides a platform for dialogue between religious communities and functions as mediator should there be any conflict occurs between religious communities.
Apart from its character of being tolerance, Indonesia’s multi-ethnic and multi-religious nature has also posed great challenges in accommodating and facilitating different interests and needs of its diverse communities. Like many other parts of the world religious-based conflicts also occurred in Indonesia.
In addressing these unfortunate cases, the pertinent role of the Forum has instrumental in facilitating law enforcement measures by the Government. In addition, continued capacity-building measures for law enforcement and security apparatus are indeed essential in this regard.
At the same time, my delegation strongly believes that other relevant stakeholders including Parliament, Human Rights National Commissions and Ombudsman, media and civil societies have also contribute in continued cultivating and fostering mutual understanding and respect between religious communities in Indonesia.
In conclusion, Mr. President, my delegation kindly asks the Special Rapporteur to share his observations on various best practice available at the national level on inter-religious mechanism.
Geneva, 5 March 2013