Intervention by the Indonesian Delegation – Interactive Dialogue with the Special Representative of the Secretary General on the Violence against Children and Special Rapporteur on the Sale of Children
Indonesia thanks both the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and the Special Rapporteur for their informative and comprehensive reports.
Aware of their strategic role in boosting the national efforts to combat violence against children, Indonesia is in its final stage of ratification of the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. The second draft bills of ratification has been submitted to the Parliament and will be further discussed by the Parliament in the second quarter of this year.
As part of its policy framework, the Indonesian Government launched the National Action Plan on the Prevention and Handling Violence against Children on 19 March 2010. The Plan consists of 5 priority areas namely prevention; health rehabilitation; social rehabilitation, return and reintegration; law development and enforcement; and coordination and cooperation. Consequently, it involves all relevant ministries and institutions, and currently has been implemented in 3 provinces and 7 districts or cities.
In addressing issues of children with special needs, specific policy has been adopted through the Regulation of Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection no. 10 of 2011 on Policies of Addressing Issues of Children with Special Needs.
Fully aware of the vulnerable nature of street children to various forms of violence, the Indonesian Government adopted a number of measures and policies including the issuance of Presidential Decree no. 3 of 2010 on Justice for All Development Program, which among others, establishing Street Children Social Welfare Program.
On 16 November 2010, several Ministers signed a Joint Decree with the Chief of Indonesian National Police on Improving the Social Welfare of Street Children. This Joint Agreement signifies the shared commitments in addressing the issue of street children, by improving their welfare through joint supervisions in order to decrease the number of children returning to the street.
Family-based treatment is utilized, in view of the vital role of family in ensuring the children’s future. Therefore, the comprehensive and integrated efforts to improve the family resilience are required. To facilitate such efforts, the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Chlidren Protection, together with related Ministries and Agencies, has also formulated a policy to improve family resilience for the children in needs in addressing the issue of street children, as stipulated in the Regulation of the Minister for Women Empowerment and Children Protection No. 7 of 2011.
Various efforts conducted by civil societies in addressing street children also help improve the situation on the ground.
In line the theme of the Special Rapporteur’s report, particular attention has also been given for children in the context of natural disaster, as mandated by the Indonesian Law no. 24 of 2007 on the Management of Natural Disaster.
During the tsunami experience in 2004, the government developed a policy to deal with challenges related to separated children, unaccompanied children, and children with single parents during the emergency response period.
This policy provides the best care in a family-like environment and live in their own community, culture and religion. This policy ensures that children in emergency situations must not be separated from their families and communities, and care in foster homes shall only be used as the last resort.
In addition, the government, in partnership with civil society, established the Family Tracing and Reunification Network. Between January – May 2005, 2,831 children without custodians or those separated from their parents were registered and most of these cases was resolved.
In conclusion, Madam/Mr. President, alow me to ask the special representative and special rapporteur on effective measures, apart from financial and educational ones, to prevent street children and children in conflict with the law? Furthermore, we request for further comment on how to increase effective global efforts in addressing the impact of global economic crises to the promotion and protection of the rights of children.
Geneva, 7th of March 2012