STATEMENT BY THE DELEGATION OF INDONESIA GENERAL DEBATE ITEM 8 AT THE 27TH SESSION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action provides us with invaluable inspiration for human rights’ promotion and protection in our countries.
It is unmistakably clear that from Indonesia’s journey to democracy and human rights that they can only take a firm root when the process is wholly owned by the people and for the people. In other words, it should be and must be a genuine, inclusive and participatory bottom-up process.
In this vein, Paragraph 71 of Part II of VDPA provides a clear guidance: it recommends that ‘each State consider the desirability of drawing up a national action plan identifying steps whereby that State would improve the promotion and protection of human rights. In implementing the plan, State in many cases utilises a mechanism, be it using the existing structure or establishing a new one.’
Indonesia has been developing and implementing a National Human Rights Plan of Action since 1998. Starting from a modest plan that mainly on the ratification of international human rights treaties, the Plan has been developed into a comprehensive one, encompassing 6 main pillars which are:
- Developing and strengthening implementing mechanisms including preparation for ratification international human rights instruments.
- Harmonization and evaluation of draft regulation to be in line with relevant human rights law.
- Human rights education.
- Implementing human rights norms and standards.
- Communication procedures.
- Monitoring, evaluating and reporting.
Indonesia is currently developing fourth generation of the Plan with wide consultation with relevant stakeholders, including civil society.
During the UPR process, it has been observed that States have highlighted its own national human rights plan as one of the achievements. Moreover, States have also put forward recommendation on the need to develop a national human rights’ plan of action, and most of them are accepted.
In this regard, it is probably timely for us to begin the discussion on the need to share experience in this issue. We believe, in the spirit of openness, inclusivity, and mutual respect without any prejudice, there are a lot of experiences and good practices that can be shared and learnt. Indonesia stands ready to initiate the discussion in cooperation with other countries.
I thank you Mr. President.
Geneva, 22 September 2014