INTERVENTION BY THE DELEGATION OF INDONESIA – INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EDUCATION AT THE 29TH SESSION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
My delegation thanks the Special Rapporteur on education, for his presentation on protecting the right to education against commercialization.
We appreciate the SR’s report, particularly the set of recommendations on developing effective regulatory frameworks for controlling private providers of education and safeguarding education as a public good.
Indonesia’s constitution affirms the right of its citizens to education and state’s responsibility to establish a national education system that guarantee access to education and ensures benefits from science and technology, arts and culture for the purpose of improving the quality of life.
Furthermore, our Education Law provides guidance on the implementation of the national education system and mandates that 20 percent of the national budget is allocated for this. This law also emphasizes the right of every child to education, especially children in remote and rural areas, as well as for orphans.
The Education Law also states that the community and stakeholders share the responsibility to improve the educational services, in the planning, monitoring and evaluation of education programs through the Board of Education.
Educational reform such as privatization and the expansion of schools can provide opportunity to increase social mobility. However, such reform can only create access, equity and opportunity if the change in the schooling system is complemented with economic growth. On the other hand, a reverse scenario means that privatization of education will not make transformation via social mobility possible. The fulfillment of the right to education is a powerful tool to transform social class, expand opportunity and distribute wealth. It is important that any education privatization measure is conducted in a manner that safeguards the enjoyment of the right to education, by among others placing a regulatory framework centered on education as a public good, reporting obligations of private providers, and strengthening human rights mechanisms relevant to education.
I Thank you.
GENEVA, 18 JUNE 2015
*Delivered by Ms. Mustika Hanum Widodo.