May 30, 2017 Disarmament

Mr. President,
Let me begin by expressing my appreciation to you and all distinguished colleagues for warmly welcoming me as a new permanent representative of Indonesia to this august body.
I wish to congratulate you on your assumption as the President of the Conference on Disarmament (CD), and wish you every success in performing your duties. My delegation would also like to express its appreciation to your predecessor, H.E. Mr. Coly Seck, Permanent Representative of Senegal, for his able stewardship in guiding the work of the Conference.
Mr. President,
Indonesia continue to attach its immense importance to the work of the Conference. The long and protracted stalemate in this Conference has therefore been a cause of deep concern and disappointment.
It is indeed our long-held views that we should not allow the growing perception from the outside that the CD has started to lose its relevance as a sole multilateral negotiating body on disarmament. But with its deadlock for more than 20 years, we will, for sure, run thin with substantive arguments in depending the significance of the works of the CD, and its significant role in contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security.
We must therefore redouble our efforts to find any initiative and take any endeavour aimed at breaking the impasse and bring back substantive work in this Conference.
Mr. President,
Among the core issues of the CD, nuclear disarmament remains Indonesia’s highest priority.
The slow progress in nuclear disarmament underpins Indonesia’s decision to support and participate actively in the convening of the “UN Conference to Negotiate a Legally-Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons, Leading towards their Total Elimination”, in accordance with General Assembly Resolution A/RES/71/258.
We are hopeful that the instrument could potentially contribute in breaking the ongoing standstill in nuclear disarmament.
We should liberate humankind from the gridlock of menace of nuclear catastrophe, either by design or by accident, due to the continued existence of nuclear weapons.
As a strong proponent of nuclear disarmament, Indonesia will always express its deep concern about the catastrophic humanitarian impact that may be inflicted upon billions of human beings, in the event of detonation of nuclear weapons.
Such concern, however, should never be interpreted as Indonesia’s diminishing commitment and interests toward the continued existence and relevance of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
On the contrary, as a faithful party to the NPT, Indonesia believes that the NPT is an indispensable instrument to prevent global nuclear proliferation, with the eventual objective of achieving total elimination of nuclear weapons.
Indonesia also underlines the importance of a balance undertaking of the three pillars of the NPT; nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, and peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
Mr. President,
Pending the achievement of a total global nuclear disarmament, and as a state which has renounced the nuclear weapons option, we would like to emphasize that our demand for security assurances remains prevalent.
For countries that never took or have rescinded the nuclear weapons path, it is important that we are given with unambiguous, legally binding, and universal security assurances by the nuclear weapon states.
Indonesia wishes to underline the urgent need for an early agreement on a universal, unconditional and legally binding instrument to assure states that do not possess nuclear weapons against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.
Despite previous commitment, numerous initiatives that have been made, and that we have not heard any objection to the concept of NSA; yet, no single legally binding instrument is on the way to guarantee the attainment of NSA for states which do not possess nuclear weapons.
We wish therefore to reiterate our calls for an early commencement on the negotiation to achieve agreement on the NSA.
Mr. President,
Regarding the Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty, Indonesia is highly committed to advance a balanced treaty which addresses the concerns of nuclear weapons states as well as non-nuclear weapons states.
There has been a wide agreement that the treaty should be non-discriminatory, multilateral, and effectively verifiable, in accordance with the mandate of the CD’s document number CD/1299. The document, however, should not be interpreted as confining the scope of the treaty to only future production of fissile materials. Indonesia views CD/1299 and the mandate contained therein allows future negotiators to address all aspects of the treaty including its eventual scope.
Let me conclude, Mr. President, by reiterating that Indonesia is committed and stands ready to support your work and engage constructively in the CD’s endeavour to fully undertake its mandate.
I look forward to working closely with all CD’s member states, observers, civil society, and other relevant stakeholders.
I thank you, Mr. President.

Geneva, May 30th, 2017