Statement of the Delegation of the Republic of Indonesia at the Second Meeting of the Working Group on Strengthening WHO Preparedness and Response to Health Emergencies Agenda Item 4 Consideration of the findings and recommendations of the Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response, the IHR Review Committee and the Independent Oversight and Advisory Committee for the WHO Health Emergencies Programme, taking into account relevant work of WHO, including that stemming from resolution WHA73.1 (2020) and decision EB148(12) (2021), as well as the work of other relevant bodies, organizations, non-State actors and any other relevant information System and Tools

September 2, 2021 Topics, Health and Labour Issues

Thank you, Chair

On system and tools,

As previously mentioned in our intervention, we see that the main problem and gaps that need to be address both immediately and in the long term is on the issue of capacity and equity.

Capacity to detect and equity to respond.

In this regard, we support among others, the following recommendations

  • Invest in the worldwide health and care workforce by developing competencies through education & training.
  • Invest in multilateral WHO-led mechanisms to facilitate assistance and response capacities for use in developing and crisis affected countries.
  • Support LMICs to build expertise, and develop local and regional manufacturing capacities for tools,
  • Further enable increased use of health technologies and  digital transformation of health systems.
  • Invest in further developing, enhancing and improving inter-operable early warning information, surveillance, and trigger systems in line with the One Health approach.
  • Invest in new endeavours to strengthen surveillance & analyse data on potential outbreaks, including rapid and transparent cross-sectoral and international information and data sharing, in accordance with IHR.
  • Better alert System and PHEIC determination mechanism.
  • Advocacy for improving global and regional supply chains and access to tools to deal with pandemics
  • Ensure technology transfer and commitment to carrying out voluntary licensing included in all agreements involving public funding.

These  recommendations  can  both  create the most impact immediately and better preparedness for pandemic response  in the future.


We support the aforementioned principles and proposed recommendations. However, the critical point is on the how to implement them.

The existing mechanism and framework such as the IHR does not address all these issues.

A new mechanism should be considered that carries out  following principles:

-> Equitable access;
-> better surveillance and alert system;
-> encourage the transfer of knowledge and technology to developing countries to increase the capacity and strengthen the health system at the national, regional and global levels.

It is within the interest of all countries, developed and developing, north and south, big and small, to ensure any process taken runs fairly and benefits  all.

We need to immediately address these challenges together.

Lastly Chair,

Indonesia, once again, appreciates the work of the WGPR and welcome this opportunity to continue our discussions on lessons that we, as WHO member states, should draw from the pandemic.

We believe that the area of convergence as elaborated in the document EB/WGPR/2/2 provides a strong basis and clear guidance for our collective deliberation in the Working Group. We should translate such area of convergence and its key recommendations into concrete action to strengthen WHO preparedness for and response to health emergencies.

I thank you.